Much of the discourse about America in the YouTube sample was found in the videos about Lebanese female police officers in shorts (7/42 instances), a comparison of military power in Lebanon and Israel (7/42 instances), and Syrian refugees and the sex industry in Lebanon (5/42 instances). This was followed by user responses to videos about Saudi Arabia declaring war on Lebanon, claims made by Hezbollah leader (5/42 instances), the militant group Hezbollah battling Islamic State alongside the Syrian Arab Army (SAA) (5/42 instances), and the U.S. sending money and personnel to Lebanese armed forces reportedly linked to Hezbollah (5/42 instances).
The most salient key words to arise from the these videos relative to America were ‘suck’ (1 instance, logDice = 13.99), ‘father’ (1 instance, logDice = 13.41), ‘wtf’ (1 instance, logDice = 13.41) and ‘enemy’ (2 instances, logDice = 12.83). Other terms associated with America were more positive, such as ‘supplier’ (1 instance, logDice = 11.83) ‘help’ (1 instance, logDice = 11.67), ‘friend’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.75), ‘great’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.82), ‘lovers’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.24), and ‘pagent’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.19).
On the other hand, other notable terms associated with America were negative and included ‘problem’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.35), and ‘afflict’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.04). Additionally, references to various nations were also evident , these included ‘Canada’ (3 instances, logDice = 11), ‘Israaiil’ (2 instances, logDice = 10.79), ‘England’ (2 instances, logDice = 10.6), ‘Australia’ (2 instances, logDice = 10.54), ‘Russia’ (4 instances, logDice = 10.51), ‘Latin’ (2 instances, logDice = 10.3), ‘Rissian’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.14), ‘Palestina’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.14), and ‘Ukraine’ (1 instance, logDice = 10.14).
The hateful sentiment expressed in the discussions about America was amongst the most intense across all topics. This is most likely due to the fact that users were fierce supporters of Hezbollah; a group that, according to several user discussions in the sample, has been labelled by America as a terrorist organization. However, users were commonly of the opinion that the US was merely a puppet acting on behalf of the Israel government, or as one user put it: “[…] everyone knows Zionist Of Israel slaves US government have always sold weapons too any side that supports their political agenda or only American interest (video source: US sending money and personnel to Lebanese armed forces reportedly linked to Hezbollah)". This, however, did not minimize the degree of hatred espoused against Americans by those who posted in the sample. For example, some users accused the US of forming ISIS – a tactic that, according to them, was orchestrated by Israel. As another expressed it:
“The USA didn't made the ISIS for nothing. America has been hijacked by big money interests for a long time now...While the world is increasingly hating America, the entire world actually has the very same problem coming from the same underlying great failure that's afflicting America using debt economics and nonstop war for profit. It's so sad. Assad is winning against ISIS. WTF are we even doing!? […] Until we get the Zionist neo-cons out of government and out of the intelligence agencies, it will always be Israel first. /deep sigh.” (video source: US sending money and personnel to Lebanese armed forces reportedly linked to Hezbollah)
Similarly, three users showed support for Hezbollah by highlighting the need for protection from “jewamerica” or “demonic US and Israel”:
“God bless Hezbollah and SAA death to invasor scum Freedom Fighters!!! if they were terrorist they didn't helped Lebanon Christian while Israel Zionist attacks Lebanon that times would came when all countries would know who really USA UK rotschild dynasty arab wahabis isreal Gov /Zionist are believe me and how can trump or Israel president say that hezbullah is a terrorist group because they have a bit weapons not like USA or isael who have a millions such weapons what about those Countries who just going to other countries and stole his oil and resources” (video source: the militant group Hezbollah battling Islamic State alongside the Syrian Arab Army)
“[…] the Lebanese army should be trained by Hezbollah , a real army, not an army of terrorists like jewamerica take the facilities and burn them down to the ground. They are all bugged and surveillance. Russia does not do this to their export models, do they comrades.... this is just a jewamerica betray any and all. fucking usa and israhell...they want uranium and plutonium ..in niger and other africa. fuk brit and the rooster AMERICA Needs to STOP […].” (video source: US sending money and personnel to Lebanese armed forces reportedly linked to Hezbollah)
“BY THE DEMONIC US AND DEMONIC ISREAL ed z Dude people like to treat the canvas as if it is blank. Now it's secret that the zionists amd wahabis are responsible for the shit that's going on. THIS VIDEO SHOWS THE GOOD GUY RUSSIA IRAN AMERICA IS A NUCLEAR SUPPLIER TO TERRORIST LIKE ISREAL AND ARAB LEAGUE AND AMERICA IS A TERROR ORGONIZATION ISREALI IS A NUCLEAR ARMED TERRORIST ORGONIZATION Long Live Hezbollah and the Syrian army. big respect and support from Albania ! we stand wiht syria and true fighters of islamic state! Hezbollah are angels compared to Washington home of terrorism torture and illegal wars and regime change DEATH TO USA AND ISRAHELL belfasta IKR! After Isis and on to israhell death to israhell the zionists probably are unhappy of ISIS being ass kicked Good job Hezbollah I'm Christian and I support you and assad United state are not happy when SAA killing there ISIS Army. Hezbollah never hid their presence in Syria fighting the terrorist groups and their flag was raised since the war in Syria started. I have no idea what this girl is talking about?” (video source: the militant group Hezbollah battling Islamic State alongside the Syrian Arab Army)
Overall, like the vast majority of the hateful content in the other discussion topics, users drew from Zionist conspiracies to blame Jews for most of the social problems in Lebanon. The main focus of hateful sentiment stemmed from issues related to war in the Middle East – in which the US was heavily involved. As one user put it: “It is America that is encouraging war on behalf of Israel as always. Saudi Arabia is simply doing the dirty work on this occasion. […]” (video source: Saudi Arabia declaring war on Lebanon, according to the Hezbollah leader).